Are you confused when picking a suitable filament for 3d printing? Especially as there are a lot of options available nowadays.

There are various kinds of 3d filament in the market. Each material has different properties. Therefore, we can choose the filament based on properties needed for the models we are going to print.

Below are tables of comparison of the most common filament for FDM 3d printers:

Table 1 Strengths and weakness of different filament

 

Strengths

Weakness

ABS

Great wear resistance, easy to remove supporting parts

Pungent smell when printing

PLA

Low shrinkage rate, limited warping, eco-friendly - no pungent smell when printing, smooth & shinning finish surface

 

 

HIPS

Dissolves completely in limonene, can be used as supporting material to create hollowed prints

 

Nylon

High resistance to abrasion

Bigger shrinkage rate

PETG

Outstanding clarity, glossy surface

 

Flex

Creates flexible & compressible prints

Not suitable to all FDM 3d printers

Wood

Added wood power, has surface texture like wood

 

Straw

Unique finish look like straw

 

 

Table 2 Application of different filament with illustration

 

Printed model

Illustration

Use of material

Printing temperature

ABS

Models with supporting parts easy to remove

 

 

 

 ABS 1.75mm filament

ABS 3.0mm filament

230°C

PLA

Printing big models

 

PLA 1.75mm filament

PLA 3.0mm filament

210°C

HIPS

Be used as supporting material

 

HIPS 1.75mm filament

 

230°C

Nylon

Models with great abrasion resistance

 

 

Nylon 1.75mm filament

 

260°C

T-glass

Models with bright & shinning surface

 

 

T-glass 1.75mm filament

T-glass 3.0mm filament

230°C

Flex

Models that are highly flexible

 

 

Flex 1.75mm filament

Flex 3.0mm filament

210°C

Wood

Models with surface look like wood

 

Wood 1.75mm filament

Wood 3.0mm filament

230°C

Straw

Models with straw-look surface

 

 

 Straw 1.75mm filament

230°C